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Glossary of Terms

Don't have a clue what some of those words mean. Here at SJCOM LLC, we firmly believe in providing our customers with all the information they need. Below is a list of many common terms and some not so commons terms to clear things up for you.

Type a word into the search box below, as you type the search will narrow down to the term you are looking for.

.htaccess
.htaccess is a configuration file that is used to indicate who can or cannot access the contents of a specific directory from the Internet or an intranet. Placed inside a directory, the .htaccess indicates which users or groups of users can be allowed access to the files contained in that directory. This file is widely used on unix servers.

.htpasswd
.htpasswd is a file used to store usernames and password for basic authentication of HTTP users. Used on an unix server and in conjunction with the .htaccess file, the .htpasswd file works to password protect web directories by restricting access to only users listed in its file.

Access log
An access log is a list of all the requests for individual files that people have requested from a Web site. Such a log is valuable in understanding more about who is visiting your website and what visitors are viewing on your website.

Active Server Page
An Active Server Page (ASP) is an HTML page that includes embedded program(s) that are processed on a Microsoft Web server (Windows NT) before the page is sent to the user.

ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

Aliases
Aliases are forwarding email addressees. Email sent to an aliases is automatically forwarded to another email address.

Anonymous FTP
Anonymous FTP is a method for giving users access to files on a server without having to identify themselves to the server. Anonymous FTP is a common way to get access to a server in order to view or download files that are publicly available.

Apache
Apache is a freely available Web server that is distributed under an "open source" license. Apache is the web server used on our Red Hat Linux servers (ie Unix hosting).

ATU-C
ADSL Termination Unit - Central Office

ATU-R
ADSL Termination Unit - Remote

Auto responder
An autoresponder is an email address that always responds with a pre-selected message to whomever emails it.

bps
Bits Per Second

BRI
Basic Rate Interface

CGI
The common gateway interface (CGI) is a standard process for running programs from a Web server. CGI passes a user's request to a program on the server, in turn, the program passes information back to the user. CGI programs are often called scripts.

Cgi-bin
The cgi-bin is a directory that holds a website's cgi programs. The cgi program is executed from this directory.

Chmod
Chmod is a unix command that changes the access permissions of files.

CO
Central Office

Cold Fusion
Made by Allaire, cold fusion is a set of products used for building web sites and servering pages to users.

Discussion Board
A discussion board is a general term for any online "bulletin board" where you can leave and expect to see responses to messages you have left. Or you can just read the board.

DNS
Domain Name System

Docs
Located in a client's home directory, the docs directory is the folder that contains a website's HTML and image files.

Domain
On the Internet, a domain consists of a set of network addresses. This domain is organized in levels: Top level domain and second level domain.. The top level identifies geographic or purpose commonality (for example, the nation that the domain covers or a category such as "commercial"). The second level identifies a unique place within the top level domain and is, in fact, equivalent to a unique address on the Internet.

Domain Name
A domain name locates an organization or other entity on the Internet.

Domain Name System (DNS)
The Domain Name System (DNS) translates easily remembered textual names, such as www.sjcom.com, into numerical IP addresses, such as 280.191.460.15, allowing for easier Internet use

Domain Registrar
A domain registrar is a company or organization involved in registering domain names on the Internet.

Domain Transfer
Domain transfer is the process of transferring a domain name from one web hosting service to another. The process involves updating a domain's domain name service listing.

DSL
Digital Subscriber Line

DSLAM
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer

E-commerce
Electronic commerce is the ability to buy and sell products and services on the Internet.

ETRN
Extended Turn

Flash
Flash is an authoring software developed by Macromedia, and is used to create vector graphics-based animation programs with full-screen navigation interfaces, graphic illustrations, and simple interactivity in an antialiasing, resizable file format that is small enough to stream across a normal modem connection.

FTP
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard Internet protocol that allows for the exchange of files between computers on the Internet. FTP is the simplest way to exchange files between computers.

HDSL
High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line

HFC
Hybrid Fiber-Coax

Host
The term "host" means any computer that has full two-way access to other computers on the Internet.

HTML
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the set of markup tags or codes inserted in a file intended for display on a World Wide Web browser page. The markup tells the Web browser how to display a Web page's words and images for the user.

HTTP
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the set of rules for exchanging files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the Internet.

IEC
Inter-Exchange Carrier

Internet Information Server
IIS (Internet Information Server) is a group of Internet server (Web or Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, FTP, and Gopher) and other capabilities for Microsoft's Windows NT and Windows 2000 Server operating systems

Internet Service Provider
An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company that provides individuals and other companies access to the Internet and other Internet related services.

Internic
InterNIC (Internet Network Information Center), was originally the only organization responsible for registering and maintaining the com, net, and org top level domain names on the World Wide Web. The actual registration was performed by Network Solutions, Inc. The registration of domain names has now opened up to include other Domain Registrars.

IP
Internet Protocol

IP Address
An IP address is a 32-binary digit number that identifies each sender or receiver of information that is sent across the Internet.

ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network

Jar file
A JAR (Java ARchive) file is a file that contains the class, image, and sound files for a Java applet gathered into a single file and compression for faster downloading to your Web browser.

Java
Java is a programming language developed by Sun Microsystems.

Java Server Page (JSP)
Java Server Page (JSP) are small java servlet programs that are specified in the Web page and run on the Web server.

Java Servlet
A servlet is a java program that runs on a server.

JDBC
JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) is an application program interface specification for connecting programs written in java to the data in a database.

Kbps
Kilobits Per Second

Linux
Linux is an unix-like operating system that is very efficient and fast performing.

Mbps
Megabits Per Second

Microsoft Access
Microsoft Access is a lower end database software application developed by Microsoft.

Microsoft Frontpage
Frontpage is a web site creation and management tool that gives you everything you need to create and manage exactly the site you want, whether you're creating a personal Web page or a corporate Internet or intranet site.

Microsoft Frontpage Extensions
Frontpage extensions are server side applications that allow users to publish directly to the Web server using a PC or laptop computer from anywhere in the world via the Internet.

Microsoft SQL
Microsoft SQL is a higher end database software application developed by Microsoft.

Mirror
Mirroring refers to pointing one domain name to another domain.

MUX
Multiplexer

MYSQL
MYSQL is an open source database management system.

ODBC Data Source
A term used to refer to a database or database server used as a source of data. ODBC data sources are referred to by their data source name.

Park
Parking a domain refers to the service of registering a domain name and 'parking' it on our servers until you are ready to create a website for the domain.

Perl
Perl (Practical Extraction and Reporting Language) is a script programming language

PHP
PHP is a script language and interpreter that is freely available and used primarily on Linux web servers. ). As with ASP, the PHP script is embedded within a Web page along with its HTML.

Ping
Ping is a basic Internet program that lets you verify that a particular IP address exists and can accept requests.

POP
Point of Presence

POP3
POP3 (Post Office Protocol 3) is a standard protocol for receiving e-mail. POP3 is a client/server protocol in which e-mail is received and held for you by your Internet server.

POTS
Plain Old Telephone Service

PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol

PRI
Primary Rate Interface

PSTN
Public Switched Telephone Network

QoS
Quality of Service

Secure Certificate
Secure Certificates (SSL Certificates) gives a website the ability to communicate securely with its web customers. SSL security makes eavesdropping on your web traffic almost impossible

Sendmail
Sendmail is the most popular unix-based implementation of the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol for transmitting email

Server Side Include
Server-side includes allow users to create documents that include information that is re-generated each time the document is accessed.

Shockwave
Developed by Macromedia, Shockwave is a family of multimedia players.

SMTP
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is a TCP/IP protocol used in sending and receiving e-mail.

SOHO
Small Office/Home Office

Spam
Spam is unsolicited e-mail on the Internet.

SSL
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a commonly-used protocol for managing the security of a message transmission on the Internet.

Streaming
Streaming is the ability to send video/audio data in compressed form over the Internet which is then displayed/played on the viewer's side as the data arrives. With streaming video or streaming media, a Web user does not have to wait to download a large file before seeing the video or hearing the sound.

TCP
Transport Control Protocol

TDM
Time Division Multiplexing

TELCO
Telephone Company

Telnet
With permission, Telnet is the way you can access someone else's computer, i.e. a web server.

UDSL
Unidirectional Digital Subscriber Line

Unix
UNIX is an interactive, time-sharing operating system.

URL
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the address of a file (resource) accessible on the Internet. http://www.radiant.net is an example of a url.

UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair

VBR
Variable Bit Rate

Virtual Web server
A virtual server is a computer server that has been configured to hosts domains available on the internet. This virtual server allows clients to establish their own personal, business or organizations website or domain name (i.e., yourdomain.com).

VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol

VPN
Virtual Private Network

WAN
Wide Area Network

Web server
A Web server is a program that, using the client/server model and the World Wide Web's Hypertext Transfer Protocol, serves the files that form Web pages to Web users.

Whois
Whois is a program that will tell you the owner of any second-level domain name who has registered it with Network Solutions, formerly the only and still the most widely used of the Internet registrars of the com, net, and org domain names.

Windows NT
Windows NT is the Microsoft Windows personal computer operating system

xDSL
(Generic) Digital Subscriber Line

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